Geography deals with the surface of the earth, with people and with the material and spiritual environments of humans. In general terms, geography is about the world we live in.
A special feature and strength of geography lies in the connection between natural and social science perspectives and methods. The scientific “physical geography” investigates the structure and dynamics of our physical environment.
The socially oriented “human geography” deals with the structure and dynamics of cultures, societies, economies and the spatial relevance of human action.
Geography provides insights into physical and social processes in the concrete context of places and regions, thus providing a differentiated picture of different cultures, economic forms, political systems, environments and landscapes of our earth.
The modern human geography attempts to demonstrate not only the manifold spatial differences and processes of socio-economic structural change, but also the causes and effects of social inequalities.
Physical geography and human geography have emerged into relatively independent branches of the discipline with different questions and methods.
However, both branches work closely together in solving numerous questions. In view of the great importance of the physical environment as the natural basis of human life, and in view of the fact that this basis is increasingly disturbed and threatened by human intervention, a consideration of the diverse networked relationships undoubtedly has an outcome to a consideration of the diversely networked relationships. This overarching approach can be described as the core of geography.