The word biology comes from the Greek and literally means “The Teaching of Life” and is a sub-area of natural sciences such as chemistry, physics or mathematics.
Biology is a science that deals with living creatures and their environment. Science comes because researchers are investigating the laws and peculiarities of the living in order to develop theories that tell us about why e.g. which living beings has developed as you can observe it in nature. In addition, one can explain how living beings are constructed and what distinguishes or even connects them.
However, biology is even more diversified. This is how you find several sub-areas, which deal with each other, but which build on each other:
- Molecular Biology: Structure and function of larger molecules, e.g. B. DNA.
- Genetics: Theory of Inheritance, i.e. Transfer of genetic make-up (genes) by parents.
- Ecology: Relationships between organisms (haves) with each other and with their environmental
- Botany: research into plants, their environment, the structure, metabolism, benefits, etc.
- Physiology: Life processes in cells and tissues.
- Cell biology: Investigation of biological processes at the cellular level (micro level).
- Microbiology: Area of microorganisms that you cannot directly see, such as bacteria, fungi or viruses (where viruses are not living beings!).
- Synthetic biology: Development of biological systems that are not natural.
- Theoretical Biology: description of phenomena using mathematical models.
- Systems biology: Overall viewing of organisms for better understanding and explanation with mathematical models and computer simulations, among other things.
- Human Biology: Here we humans are in the foreground.
- Zoology: consideration of animals in terms of development, construction, etc.
- Developmental Biology: Development of living organisms:
- Behavioural biology: Researching the behaviour of humans and animals and the establishment of comparisons
- Evolutionary biology: description of the development of species through generations, adaptation to the environment and emergence of new species.