Various forms of dementia such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s

Different forms of dementia can sometimes cause confusion. After all, there is no big difference between Alzheimer’s and dementia or Parkinson’s and dementia; Alzheimer’s is a form of dementia and Parkinson’s causes similar symptoms. There are many different forms of dementia, each with their own specific characteristics. For the time being, the disease cannot be cured, but each form of dementia does require specific treatment. The most common forms of dementia are described here.

What types of dementia are there?

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Vascular dementia
  • Frontotemporal dementia or Pick’s disease
  • Lewy body dementia


Alzheimer’s disease

Of all the variants of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease is diagnosed most often. About three-quarters of all dementia patients suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. This condition is relatively easy to detect, as people suffering from Alzheimer’s develop accumulations in the brain that can be detected thanks to the MRI scanner. Researchers are not yet completely clear, but they suspect that these accumulations or ‘plaques’ prevent the functioning of the nerve cells or even cause them to disappear. However, to function properly it is important that our brain has these cells. Individuals who are victims of this condition will usually suffer from memory loss at an early stage. Alzheimer’s disease cannot be cured, but prevention can, in a sense, ensure that it is preventable.

Parkinson’s disease

Although Parkinson’s disease does not necessarily belong in the list of these conditions, its characteristics do. In people who have Parkinson’s disease, there is almost a 50% chance that they will also develop dementia over time. This form is then called Parkinson’s dementia. This condition cannot be cured and is difficult to prevent. In many cases people talk about genetic factors that are the cause of Parkinson’s disease. However, the real cause of this condition has not yet been discovered. Like all other forms of dementia, it is also advisable to contact a doctor.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia. Although Alzeimer’s disease accounts for almost three quarters of patients, vascular dementia represents ‘only’ 16% of them. This form of dementia has its origins in the calcification of the arteries in both the brain and the blood vessels. As a result, the patient has a high risk of a cerebral infarction or various hemorrhages, each caused by the loss of blood flow to the tissue. Vascular dementia is not hereditary and can be prevented by simply living a healthier lifestyle.

Frontotemporal dementia or Pick’s disease

In frontotemporal dementia, mainly the front part of the brain is damaged. In this form of dementia, people behave increasingly strangely in the initial phase, which is why it is often seen as a psychological disorder. The disease often occurs in younger people aged 40 to 60 and is hereditary in about 35% of cases. There are no medications to cure this form of dementia, but there is medication to limit the symptoms.

Lewy body dementia

After Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia, Lewy body dementia is the least common variant of the condition. However, it is the second most common variant in older people. This form is more common in patients over 65 years of age and is characterized by the general deterioration of the patient, which can manifest itself both physically and mentally. Lewy body dementia cannot be cured and the symptoms are also difficult to treat. However, the patient’s life can be made easier through quality guidance with the help of, among others, an occupational therapist, psychotherapist and a social worker.

read more

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  • Dementia examination by a doctor. The stages of diagnosis
  • Reducing the risk of dementia: tips
  • Testing dementia yourself with Mental-State Examination (MMSE)